Formulation of Strategies and Initiatives

2 weeks
Toolbox Themes
  • Climate actionIncorporate an approach to efficiently streamline the city's disaster risk preparedness, combat climate change and its impacts and integrate disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation measures into urban planning processes, strengthening the city's overall resilience to natural hazards.
  • Socio-spatial inclusionReduce socio-spatial inequalities by promoting the even distribution of basic urban services, quality public spaces, affordable housing, and livelihood opportunities.

Identify and propose a set of strategies and initiatives oriented towards the fulfilment of the Strategic Development Plan.

  • Strategies and initiatives aligned with the goals of the Strategic Vision


Based on the goals defined in the vision, the urban development strategy and the definition of development zones, more concrete strategies are proposed, as well as specific initiatives to achieve them. This activity is based on and builds on the inputs obtained previously, including the participatory inputs received during previous activities and workshops, such as proposed ideas and actions in relation to the future city vision, goals, strategies and initiatives to achieve them.

The established vision goals and its spatialization can be reviewed and adjusted according to the results of the other activities, aligning them to relevant themes of the diagnosis or to complementary and existing plans (for example, the national country vision and regional plan). Then, strategies are established for each of the goals. Strategies are statements that are part of a roadmap that will contribute to achieve the defined goals. These provide more details on how to develop each specific goal. The strategies must be comprehensive and respond to the challenges and needs identified before, as well as be congruent with the municipality's capacity for action.

Next, each strategy should propose a series of initiatives (specific actions, projects, programs) that ground it in a more limited scope and purpose, in an identified time-bound. In Phase 3 Operationalisation, specific targets are defined to evaluate each initiative over time, as part of the plan's evaluation and monitoring framework (Block J Monitoring and Evaluation). 

The strategies and initiatives complements the framework of the vision and goals. More detail can be added within each initiative according to the needs and capacities of the team. For example, for each initiative a series of further detailed actions could be added to ground the initiative even more. Strategies and initiatives result from the participatory activities developed previously, as well as from the technical input from the team based on the main findings from the analysis and diagnosis.

The framework of strategies and initiatives can also be represented in maps to identify and spatialise them more concretely.

  1. Review the results and inputs gathered from the Strategic Visioning Workshop (Activity 18) and Spatialisation of the Strategic Vision (Activity 19).
  2. Review the final goals to be incorporated into the plan.
  3. Review the list of international and national urban planning frameworks (T3 Matrix of References in Legal Framework Review (Activity 2)). 
  4. Develop strategies according to each goal or thematic area established. Strategies must be linked to the established goals and to ongoing or planned projects and programmes at the country, regional or local scale (Use T42 Strategy Formulation Guide).
  5. Propose initiatives to implement the strategies proposed. These may focus on certain sub-themes.
  6. Consolidate the framework of strategies in a document.
Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Action:

Cities can focus on developing a strategy that defines specific initiatives for disaster risk reduction and climate resilience. These initiatives can integrate a goal and a number of well-defined actions to strengthen sectorial urban resilience. 

The resilience strategy can be prepared starting from the identification of specific risk response options based on the results of the T20 Vulnerability Assessment previously prepared in the diagnostic activity. The tool T61 Risk Response Options can facilitate the process to dispose of have a preliminary checklist of possible risk response options.

As a second step, using the tool T62 Resilience Initiatives for the City, the city's stakeholders can categorize the options into specific urban sectors that need to be addressed with disaster risk reduction and climate change initiatives. This process allows to assess the level of integration between disaster risk response and climate action elements within the urban planning framework, the overall institutional arrangements, the cities’ financing system, and the implementation of physical interventions. The evaluation of each sector and the risk response options will help define the final actions to implement.

T61 Risk Response Options
T62 Resilience Initiatives for the City

Additional Resources: