Financial Instruments

1 week
Toolbox Themes
  • Urban financeConsider financing components and mechanisms throughout the urban planning process, to strengthen municipal finances and promote the successful implementation of plans.

Make a proposal of financial instruments for the strategic project portfolio and initiatives identified in the plan.

  • Proposed financial instruments for the Strategic Project Portfolio and initiatives identified in Phase 2


This activity seeks to provide alternatives that substitute or complement the resources coming from the municipal budget, understanding that transfers from the central government and the ordinary local budget are not sufficient. The New Urban Agenda promotes the collection of local governments' own revenues in order to contribute to fiscal decentralisation and the expansion of revenue sources (UN-Habitat, 2020; UN-Habitat, 2021). It should be emphasised that the expansion of revenue sources requires greater coordination and cooperation between levels of government and sectors. 

Using as a basis the strategic project portfolio (Development of Strategic Project Sheets (Activity 41), and/or initiatives identified in Block E (Formulation of Strategies and Initiatives (Activity 22) or Block F (Land Strategies (Activity 26) and the results of the Financial Resources Review (Activity 3), the team should identify and propose the mechanisms for financing urban development in order to achieve the mobilisation and capture of land value; allowing self-financing under the principle of those who benefit the most contributing the most to pay for it. The financial instruments should integrate the procedure to be followed in accordance with municipal and central legislation so that the planning instrument developed acquires legal certainty or validity. 

The team will use the T50 Financial Instruments Guide which will give the technical team a better understanding of the different sources of funding, considering the following strands:

  1. Own income
  2. The urban financing mechanisms that are considered in central and local laws, seeking to ground them in the strategy and reality of the municipality.
  3. External sources of funding that do not depend on the budget or municipal revenues, and which are via borrowing, central government and non-governmental organisation funding, private participation, etc.

With the categorisation of financial instruments, the team will be able to learn about entities that can provide technical assistance and/or funds for such instruments in order to make a proposal of financial instruments for each prioritised project of the strategic project portfolio, according to the objectives of the municipality and what is allowed in its national and municipal legislation. The team will finally be able to select those that best suit its context, as well as propose and develop additional financial instruments to be considered.

  1. Review the fact sheets of the Development of Strategic Project Sheets (Activity 41).
  2. Review the initiatives that were established in the Formulation of Strategies and Initiatives (Activity 22) (if Block E was developed) or Land Strategies (Activity 26) (if Block F was developed).
  3. Considering the strategic project portfolio and the initiatives, identify the financial instruments that may be useful, using the table in the T50 Financial Instruments Guide.